Here we have made a practical Guide for using equalizers
First we want to mention there are a number of different ways an equalizer can be used.
Firstly we would recommend that you do not use your equalizer when recording a track.
Many new students of recording believe that equalizing the track when it is first recorded will make the recording better.
This is a very bad practice and we highly recommend you avoid it.
In the long run this can create unforeseen problems.
This is not to say that sometimes there would be a need to use an equalizer on the input when recording a track but it is indeed very rare.
An equalizer should really be used but not overused.
In an ideal recording environment where the acoustics are good and quality tools are being implemented, a minimum amount of equalization would be necessary.
On the first digital recording ever made no compression or equalization was used.
This recording sounded good but also proved that equalization and compression has its place in the studio.
Lets start to think about how one would benefit most from correct use of an equalizer.
Lets say we are working on a mix for a song with vocals, piano, acoustic guitar, bass, drums and electric guitar.
Before any equalization will be used we listen to the track from a musical perspective and think about what musical elements need to focus the listeners attention. Forget sound for a minute and think about what the sound is doing.
OK, lets imagine that this is a nice jazzy ballad and we want the end result to be a warm but sparkling blend of tonalities.
First we hear the vocalist. Often a vocal will be a center point of the song. This is where the listeners first attention is drawn.
We begin to use the equalizer first to make sure that the vocals stand out in a way that support it as the center of the listeners focus.
Most commonly this could be done by adding some top end to the voice in the 16-18kHz area.
This will give the vocals some air and crispness. Also another trick is to let the vocal have this extra top end and keep the rest of the instruments just a bit warmer so that only the vocal stands out in those frequencies.
This will help direct the listeners ears and in a way simplify the tonal presentation of the mix.